Clarence Stein and Henry Wright’s Garden Cities
During the early 20th century, architects Clarence Stein and Henry Wright founded the Garden city movement in the United States. Their purpose was to design viable communities as a solution to the complex problems faced by the nation as it was being transformed into an urban society by the technological advances of the Industrial Revolution.
During two decades, Clarence Stein and his talented collaborators designed and constructed several Garden cities on the east coast, the mid-west, and finally in Southern California. Their community designs dealt with solving the recurring problems of an urban society— high density, lack of affordable housing, and a compromise in the quality of life for the common man.
The administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt funded several of these community projects in its efforts to provide adequate housing and building communities during the Great Depression.
Later, Stein wrote Toward New Towns in America (1950), which described how he and his colleagues designed and built these Garden cities. Stein’s book continues to exert national and international influence on how new communities are to be designed in today’s modern society.
Below is a list of the Stein Garden Cities, along with links to their historic nominations and current websites.
National Historic Landmarks
No Historic Certification
Hillside Homes Apartments eastchesterheights.com
Cornell University is the major source for the study of the Garden City movement in America. Its resources are provided by:
Works on Clarence Stein by Kermit Carlyle Parsons
Description of Parson's book on Stein and a bibliography compiled by Parsons of his important articles before his death in 1999.
A continuation of Kermit Carlyle Parsons' work. Publications and on going research of Kristin E. Larsen at the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
Published research and other related projects by Dr. Lauren Weiss Bricker of the California State Polytechnical Institute, Pomona, California
Updated December 2015